Ascomycota, genera » Ascomycota, incertae sedis


Anaphysmene Bubák, Annls mycol. 4(2): 124 (1906)

Wakefieldia G. Arnaud, Bull. trimest. Soc. mycol. Fr. 69: 303 (1954) [1953]

Index Fungorum: IF 7146, Facesoffungi number: FoF 07110, MycoBank: MB 7146

Classification: incertae sedis, Ascomycota, Fungi


Parasitic on the host plant. The sexual morph is undetermined. The asexual morph is characterised by immersed or superficial conidiomata, which are acervulus or sporodochial, dark brown and separate to aggregated or often confluent. The conidiomatal wall is composed of thick-walled, dark brown cells of textura angularis. Conidiophores are formed from the upper cells of the conidiomata wall, which are erect, cylindrical to subulate, unbranched, thick- and smooth-walled, and the base is pale brown, becoming paler towards the apex. Conidiogenous cells are integrated, annellidic, cylindrical, terminal, and with pale brown smooth wall. Conidia are hyaline, thin- and smooth-walled, 1-euseptate, guttulate or eguttulate, falcate to fusiform or cylindrical, straight or gently and irregularly curved, with truncate base and obtuse apex (Sutton 1980, Sutton and Hodges 1990, Li et al. 2020).


Type species: Anaphysmene heraclei (Lib.) Bubák, Ann Mycol. 4(2): 124 (1906)

Cheilaria heraclei Lib., Pl. crypt. Arduenna, fasc. (Liège) 3(nos 201-300): no. 254 (1834)

Labrella heraclei (Lib.) Sacc., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 3: 648 (1884)


Notes: Anaphysmene was introduced by Bubák (1906) based on A. heraclei as the type species. Sutton (1972) redescribed this genus and listed its synonyms. The conidia of Anaphysmene are similar to Ascochytopsis and Pseudoseptoria, which are hyaline and fusiform to falcate conidia. Anaphysmene was separated from Pseudoseptoria and Ascochytopsis by its acervulus conidiomata and 0–1-septate conidia (Sutton 1980). Sutton and Hodges (1990) described A. cupressi as the second species which have sporodochial conidiomata and 10–14-septate conidia. Currently, there are two species listed in Anaphysmene in Species Fungorum (May, 2024). However, no sequence data are available for these species in GenBank (May, 2024). The updated taxonomic treatment of this genus is genera incertae sedis, in Ascomycota (Wijayawardene et al. 2022).

For all accepted species: search in Species Fungorum Anaphysmene.



Anaphysmene heraclei (redrawn from Sutton 1972) a Conidia. b Vertical section of coniodiomata. c Conidiophores, conidiogenous cells and developing conidia. Scale bars: a = 20 μm, b = 200 μm, c = 20 μm. (Originally published in Li et al. (2020) and republished with authority)




Bubák F (1906)  Neue oder kritische Pilze. Annales Mycologici 4(2), 105–124.

Li WJ, McKenzie EH, Liu JK, Bhat DJ et al. 2020 – Taxonomy and phylogeny of hyaline-spored coelomycetes. Fungal Diversity 100, 279–801.

Sutton BC (1972) Wakefeldia punctata arnaud and Blennoria buxi Fr. sensu Arnaud. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 59, 285–294.

Sutton BC (1980) The Coelomycetes. Fungi imperfecti with pycnidia, acervuli and stromata.Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew.

Sutton BC, Hodges CS (1990) Revision of Cercospora-like fungi on Juniperus and related Conifers, Mycologia 82(3), 313325.

Wijayawardene NN, Hyde KD, Dai DQ, Sánchez-García ML et al. ((2022) – Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa–2021. Mycosphere 13(1), 53453.


Entry by Chao Chen1,2,3

Edited by Kevin D. Hyde1,3 & Ishara S. Manawasinghe1


1Innovative Institute for Plant Health, Key Laboratory of Green Prevention and Control on Fruits and Vegetables in South China, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China.

2Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.

3Center of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand; School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand.


Published online 2024-May 30.






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