Ascomycota, genera » incertae sedis

Ciliochora

Ciliochora Höhn., Ber. dt. bot. Ges. 37: 159 (1919)

Facesoffungi number: FoF 07160

Ascomycota, genera incertae sedis

 

Parasitic on the host plant in terrestrial habitat, such as Bambusa sp. (Poaceae), Fagus sylvatica (Fagaceae), Spatholobus littoralis (Fabaceae), Vitex parviflora (Lamiaceae). Sexual morph: undetermined. Asexual morph: Conidiomata brown, stromatic, pycnidial, solitary to gregarious, immersed, irregularly pulvinate or globose to subglobose, unilocular or multilocular, glabrous, with or without a well-developed clypeus. Ostiole absent, dehiscence by irregular splits of the apical wall. Conidiomatal wall composed of thick-walled, brown to pale brown cells of textura angularis to textura globulosa or textura prismatica. Conidiophores reduced to conidiogenous cells. Conidiogenous cells hyaline to subhyaline, enteroblastic, or holoblastic, subcylindrical, lagcniform, broadly ampulliform or irregular, integrated or discrete, determinate or indeterminate, smooth-walled. Conidia hyaline to subhyaline, fusiform to ellipsoidal, with truncate base, unicellular, smooth-walled, bearing tubular, branched or unbranched, flexuous, attenuated, apical appendages. Microconidia occasionally present, hyaline, acerose, straight or curved, unicellular, smooth-walled (Nag Raj and DiCosmo 1978, Nag Raj 1993).

 

Type species: Ciliochora longiseta (Racib.) Höhn., in Weese, Mitt. bot. Inst. tech. Hochsch. Wien 1(3): 84 (1924)

 

Notes: Nag Raj (1993) accepted two leaf-inhabiting sdpecies, Ciliochora indica (Subram. & K. Ramakr.) Nag Raj and C. longiseta. A third species C. calabrica B. Sutton & Mugnai was described from F. sylvatica in Italy; it is distinguished by its larger conidia and longer appendages (Sutton et al. (1996). The sexual morph of Ciliochora has been assigned in Physalospora (Nag Raj 1993), but there is no molecular data to prove this connection.

 

Distribution: India, Java, Philippines (Nag Raj 1993).

 

 

 

Ciliochora longiseta (redrawn from Nag Raj and DiCosmo 1978) a Conidia. Conidiogenous cells and developing conidia.

 

 

 

 

References:

 

Li WJ, McKenZie EHC, Liu JK, Bhat DJ, Dai DQ, Caporesi E, Tian Q, Maharachcikumbura SSN, Luo ZL, Shang QJ, Zhang JF, Tangthirasunun N, Karunarathna SC, Xu JC, Hyde KD (2020) Taxonomy and phylogeny of hyaline-spored coelomycetes. Fungal Diversity 100: pages279–801.

 

 

 

 

 

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